Celosia is a flowering herb that belongs to the Amaranth family. The origin of the name is associated with the word "kelos". In Greek, it means "flaming" or "burning." A similar characteristic is really suitable for describing celusion, since its inflorescences during flowering resemble bright and variegated tongues of flame.
Under natural conditions, the plant can be seen in warm climatic latitudes in Africa, America and Asia. In total, there are about 60 garden variations of cellosis: comb, pinnate, spikelet and many others. Most of the varieties bred originate from the first three types.
Description of the celosia plant
Today, breeders have managed to breed annual and perennial flower varieties. Some of them are bush-shaped and can reach a height of one meter. In regions where severe winters prevail, only annuals are suitable for growing. The stems are branched and erect. The leaf blades are alternate, ovate. Inflorescences are collected in spikelets, colored in different shades. Flowering ends with the formation of polyspermous bolls.
Growing cellosis from seeds
Breeding of cellosis is carried out by seed cultivation. Before sowing, the material is soaked in water with the addition of Epin and Zircon and left for several hours to soften the seed coat. A favorable time for sowing seeds is considered the beginning of April or March. The soil for planting should be half humus and half vermiculite. Seeds are poured onto the prepared soil in a moderate amount and lightly pressed against the soil, spraying the surface with water from above. For these purposes, it is recommended to use a spray bottle. The seed containers are covered with plastic wrap and stored on window sills, which are located on the sunny side of the building. It is better to avoid direct rays of the containers, periodically ventilate crops and maintain moisture. To skip the picking step, you can initially plant the seeds in different pots. A week after sowing, the first shoots appear.
Seedlings of celosia
For better development and growth of seedlings, it is necessary to install additional lighting near the containers. A short daylight hours are not enough for young seedlings. If the seeds were planted in groups, it will be necessary to subsequently double-pick. Seedlings, which have formed 2-3 leaves, are planted in separate containers, observing a distance between them of at least 5 cm.In order for the plants to recover after picking, a certain amount of mineral fertilizers intended for decorative flowers is added to the water for irrigation. After the seedlings grow up a little, they are transferred to individual flowerpots filled with peat and humus soil. Then re-feeding is carried out.
Planting cellosis in open ground
Fortified seedlings can be replanted in late spring. Do not rush, it is better to wait out the night frosts. An illuminated place in the garden, far from drafts, is chosen as a site for growing. Acidic soil must first be diluted with lime. Celosia does not tolerate fresh organic fertilizers well.
The plant is transplanted according to the same principle as many other garden forms. Fragile seedlings are carefully removed together with an earthen clod, trying not to disturb the root system. Specimens of a flower previously dived into pots are allowed to be transferred into the ground with them. Low varieties of celosia should be placed at a distance of 15 to 20 cm from each other; for taller species, leave gaps between the bushes of about 25-30 cm.
Caring for a plant in the garden
It is quite easy to care for the plant while it is growing. However, there are a couple of important points to keep in mind. Firstly, a flower that was grown by a seed method and has been in comfortable home conditions for a long time can die if even minor frosts pass. Secondly, the development of cellosia is inhibited by excessive soil moisture. Watering is carried out during a period of drought, when the flower stalks cease to form. Every month it is necessary to carry out additional feeding. In handling nitrogen fertilizers, one should observe the measure, since excess feeding can provoke a riot of foliage and, conversely, oppression of flowering. The area where the flower grows is regularly loosened and weeds are removed from it.
Celosia after flowering
When the flowers begin to fade, they are cut and placed in an empty vase in a room with no light. This way the bouquet dries out faster. Then the seeds are shaken out onto paper, sifted and poured into a box. An easier way is to clip fresh bunches of cellosis upright over a newspaper sheet. When the peduncles are dry, the boxes will open, and ripe seeds will fall from them.
Preparing a plant for wintering
Since only annual varieties survive in our climatic latitudes, after flowering, the bushes are dug out. In the spring, planting is resumed using the seeds collected in the fall. Dried spikelets of the plant go well with other bouquets. To do this, choose the most lush and bright flower stalks, clean the stems of excess leaves and collect a bunch. The cut branches of celosia are stored in a dark, ventilated room, and then transferred to a vase. In winter, such multi-colored bouquets will be an excellent decoration for your home.
Diseases and pests
Young seedlings of celosia are susceptible to blackleg disease, which is caused by increased soil moisture. Signs of the disease are blackening of the stem at the base. To prevent infection of the entire bush, the area around is carefully loosened and sprinkled with wood ash. Watering is temporarily stopped. To treat the plant from aphids, a special solution is used, which consists of 2 tsp. liquid soap, 1 glass of vegetable oil and 2 glasses of water. Spraying is repeated for several days in the evening. Celosia is resistant to the effects of other insects.
Types and varieties of cellosi
Consider several varieties of celosia that are considered the most common among gardeners. Silver celosia is called the leader in horticultural cultivation. It has two types:
Celosia silvery comb - a tall flowering shrub, reaching a height of about 45 cm. Leaves are colored differently. The flowers form large inflorescences. Their shape resembles a scarlet or bright orange cockscomb. Flowering begins in July and lasts until mid-autumn. This type includes varieties:
- Impress - with burgundy flowers and brown leaves;
- Atropurpurea - with a characteristic pinkish stem, pale green leaves and bright pink flowers;
- Imperialis is a low-growing variety of celosia with rich burgundy stems. Its leaf blades are excised with red veins.
Celosia silvery pinnate - also called paniculata. The tops of the bushes can be up to a meter long. However, some representatives of the variety are not so high. The panicles of the plant are colored orange or yellow. All varietal variations have different leaf colors. The flower stalks begin to open in July and decorate the garden for three months. Celosia paniculata varieties:
- Goldfeder - stands out with inflorescences that resemble sparks of a flame;
- Thomsoni Magnifica stems - can grow up to 80 cm. The bushes delight with the beauty of maroon panicles surrounded by a background of light green vegetation;
- Fakelshine is one of the tallest varieties of this species;
- New Onion - differs in lilac leaves and bright sunny spikelets.
Spikelet celosia - the variety is not yet well-known in our regions, but every year its popularity and cultivation in the countryside is increasing. The stems grow in length by 20-120 cm. Its inflorescences are slightly smaller in comparison with other types of cellosia. Along with multi-colored specimens, there are absolutely snow-white panicles. Occasionally you can see bushes with unusual coral spikelets. Such a delightful sight will remain in your memory for a long time.
An imperial flower on your site. Celosia: growing and care
Celosia comb - the most "rooster" plant
"With a comb, but not a cockerel"
A new, 2017, year is about to come. Already briskly striding beyond the threshold in the guise of the Fiery Rooster. Waiting for its hour. He can't wait to step into his own rights, to take control of the situation. Someone to get off the ground with their pressure and temperament, and someone just to cheer up, pour bright colors according to life plan. And how he becomes the owner, let him watch, shaking his comb, so that everything that we have conceived will come true! One of my wishes will come true for sure - in the new season I will sow the crested comb.
Recently, with the dominance of chic varieties of petunias, calibrachoa and other breathtaking plants, the favorite "scallops" have somehow been forgotten. Since childhood, I have been feeding some inexplicable, touching love for this plant. It seems that this plant is so warm, cozy, soulful. I want to pet him like a kitten. So be the symbol of the year both on my flowerbed and on the windowsill! By the way, on the windowsill in a pot I like it even better.
Yes, yes - this is such a universal plant. And it will easily fit for cutting, and will perfectly cope with the role of dried flowers.
Although, not all household members share my tastes. Say, these scallops are too simple. They are judging by my plants from childhood. We just haven't seen modern varieties!
In addition to the standard red and burgundy, plant seeds can be found on sale with incredibly thick inflorescences, proportionally folded, wonderfully curved, with deep convolutions along the upper edge, with fluffy edges twisted ornately on top. These scallops can be yellow, pink, cream, salmon, bright orange, lilac and even pistachio. There are even varieties with purple and burgundy leaves. It is not for nothing that she belongs to the amaranth family, this celosia.
The birthplace of the flower is Africa and Australia. In our latitudes, an annual culture of Helichrysum bracteatum or Helichrysum bracts is grown. The most common variety is with large flowers. The basket grows up to 6 cm in diameter. The petals have multiple wrap. Thanks to this feature, Gelichrizum looks soft, velvety.
The stems are strong. They grow from 40 cm to 1 meter. Inflorescence baskets have different colors. The variety is represented by the following varieties: White, Fireball, Yellow, Lotus, Scarlet, Ogonyok. The largest is considered "King Size". It reaches a height of one meter. The undersized ones include: Hot bikini, Luteum, Moreska, Chico Red, Pink porcelain. Helichrisum helmet-shaped, daisy-shaped and Milford are also popular among gardeners.
Description of celosi
Celosia blooms in the garden from July to September. In the wild, it can reach a height of up to a meter, but in garden conditions it grows only up to 20-40 centimeters.
Celosia stems are straight, slightly ribbed, with a rich green color and, sometimes, a reddish tint.
The leaves are arranged in sequence and have an ovoid or oval shape, with a pointed end. They are bright green in color, but there are also variegated, with silvery and pink stains. The edges of the leaves can be flat or wavy.
Bright flowers, small in size, gather in inflorescences of various shades. And the fruit of the flower is a box, round in shape, about 4 millimeters in diameter, with a lot of seeds inside. Celosia seeds are round, black in color.
Inflorescences that grow up to 25 centimeters in height are usually distinguished by their shape into three groups:
A flower bed with these exotic velvet blossoms looks great in the center of the garden, attracting maximum attention and painting the backyard in bright colors. Flowers of small height can be planted in a pot and decorate a loggia or balcony in an apartment.
Varieties and types of cellosis
There are more than sixty species of this flower, and several more decorative varieties. But there are the most popular species that are most often grown in gardens.
- Celosia silvery is an annual plant, with shoots up to one meter in height, with wide oval leaves alternating along the length of the stems. It differs in the shape of its inflorescences into two subspecies:
- Celosia comb is an upright plant up to 45 centimeters high. It has large leaves of light green color and umbellate or rounded inflorescences. Above, you can see individual convolutions and a fringe, similar to scallops, which became the basis for such a name for the flower. It blooms from July to October, with red, burgundy or orange flowers. But even after it has faded, it continues to delight with its bright leaves, which can be dark red, burgundy, purple, bronze and golden. The most popular decorative varieties are Artopurpurea, Impress, Empress, Coral Garden (or Coral Garden) and Toreodor. The comb type is planted most often in flower beds, flowerpots and in pots.
- Celosia paniculata (pinnate). This species grows up to a meter in height and has tall inflorescences with a color of pink, red, yellow or orange. It blooms for a long time and does not lose its decorative effect until frost. The varieties can be called: "Golden Fleetz", "Goldfeger" and "New Look". Such flowers are planted in flower beds in a flower bed, singly and in bouquets. Dwarf species are sometimes grown in a pot on the balcony.
- Spikelet celosia is not as popular with flower growers as feathery. It can grow up to 1.2 meters in height, and its inflorescences are thinner than the silvery species, and resemble spikelets, yellow or orange in color. Bright spikelets are in harmony with narrow leaves, green. This species is suitable for growing in containers, flowerpots, flower beds. Looks good in dry bouquets. A popular variety can be called "Flamingo".
Growing cellosis from seeds
In the conditions of the Russian climate, growing celosia flowers is possible only from seeds, with the cultivation of seedlings at home. You can buy celosia in garden shops and fairs.
Before planting, the conditions for growing this plant are necessary.
- Celosia seeds have a dense shell, and therefore germination problems are possible. In this regard, they must first be soaked in potassium permanganate for half an hour, and then for several hours in a solution of wood ash. You can put the seeds in the refrigerator for several hours before planting, which also contributes to rapid germination.
- Sowing is done in early March, or early April.
- The soil must be loose.
The containers are filled with soil and compacted a little. Then they moisten well and spread the seeds on the surface. The seeds are small in size and there is no need to cover them with soil on top, they must be in the light.
The seeds are sprayed and the containers are covered with glass or film, which will need to be removed and ventilated daily.
It is better to place containers in a warm, heated room with good lighting. Watering should be done carefully, when overflowing, the roots quickly rot at the seedlings.
Since the daylight hours in March and April are still not enough for the proper development of the plant, it is necessary to supplement the seedlings for 5-6 hours a day.
The first shoots should appear in 8-10 days, and then the glass can be gradually removed.After the appearance of two pairs of leaves, you can transplant the seedlings into other containers more rarely, and after they get stronger, transplant them into separate containers.
You can also use not containers for growing, but special cups for seedlings, which are sold in stores. They allow less injury to seedlings during transplantation.
Landing in open ground
I plant cellosis in open ground at the end of May, when there are no more night frosts and warm weather sets in. When choosing a site in the garden for planting, you must adhere to the following tips:
- the area must be sunny, warm and protected from wind and drafts
- the soil is preferably loose and acidic, before planting it can be limed. But fresh organic fertilizers cannot be applied, since the plant cannot tolerate them.
Planting cellosis in open ground is no different from planting other plants. The root system of young seedlings is still very fragile, and when planting, the most important thing is not to damage it.
If the seedlings were grown in containers, then they must be transplanted by the transshipment method. If in peat-distilled cups, then they are planted with them.
Distances between seedlings should be left: for low-growing species from 15 to 2 centimeters, and for tall species from 25 to 30 centimeters.
Celosia flower care
This beautiful and vibrant plant does not require much effort from flower growers. Celosia loves moisture and needs to be watered almost every day on hot days.
It is also thermophilic and can die even in a slight frost. And if it grows in a container, then when frost approaches, it must be brought into the room. It stops blooming when the air temperature drops to 5 degrees Celsius.
For the penetration of air to the roots of the plant, the ground next to them is loosened and weeds are removed. Tall stems must be tied up so that they do not break in strong wind and rain.
For an adult plant, diseases and pests are not terrible. But young shoots are often susceptible to fungus. To prevent this, it is necessary to control the amount of watering and prevent overflow.
And also sprinkle the surface soil with a layer of wood ash and loosen it. Aphids that have settled on the leaves can be fought with insecticides or a soap solution. At the same time, it is better to carry out such procedures in the evening, before sunset.
Collecting Celosia Seeds
After the celosia has finished blooming, seed pods are formed. It is rather difficult to assemble them so as not to damage them. They are lightweight and easily carried by the wind.
Therefore, you can use the following method:
- cut fresh twigs with flowers
- put without water in a vase or jar in an unlit room to dry
- lay white paper on which ripe seeds will fall out, or shake dried flowers a little over the paper
- collect seeds and store in paper bags.
Celosia in winter
In Russia, cellosia is used as an annual plant, and in the fall it is dug up and burned. But it looks original in dry bouquets and therefore you can cut the most beautiful inflorescences, dry them and decorate the apartment with a bright flame.
Uses of the celosia plant
Celosia grows with dense unusual inflorescences and therefore looks equally good, planted alone, near fences, along the curb or next to the wall of the house, and in flower beds in flower beds, located in the center or along the edges.
Low-growth varieties of celosia are planted in flowerpots or special containers to decorate balconies, terraces or verandas.
Interesting facts about the use of cellosis.
In countries where celosia grows like a wild plant, it is used for food, especially young shoots and leaves. You can make a soup, side dish or salad from it, with the addition of spices and herbs, since the shoots do not have their own taste. Sometimes it is given to pets to eat.
The use of celosia in medicine is also widely known. It is popularly used to treat diseases of the blood, oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract and others. It helps in the restoration of vision and improves immunity, relieves inflammation.
Infusions from this wonderful plant are given for hepatitis and liver damage. Compresses are applied to treat skin conditions and headaches.
Celosium or amaranth oil, extracted from the seeds of the plant, is used in the manufacture of cosmetics.
After all, it gives a rejuvenating, moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and healing effect, and at the same time has a pleasant smell of nuts.
Although celosia is an exotic plant, it has taken root well in the gardens of Russia. With proper care and sufficient sunlight, it will become a bright decoration for a country or country house.
How to grow on the site?
Celosia can be grown via seedlings and direct sowing outdoors.
Highlights of planting seeds for seedlings:
- The seed is pre-soaked for 3-4 hours in the substances of Epin and Zircon.
- The seeds are sown in soil made of earth and vermiculite. They are laid not in a thick layer, not sprinkling with earth, but pressing them to the soil and spraying with water from a spray bottle.
- You can sit in small plastic containers, which are covered with transparent film or glass. The containers are left on the windowsill, in the brightest room, at a temperature of 23-25 ° C. However, don't leave your seedlings in direct sunlight.
- About 14 days pass between the first germination and sowing, at temperatures from +15 to +18 0С.
- With seedlings, seedlings appear only after 3 months.
- Planting is also carried out only in established warm weather.
- For planting seedlings in the ground, you must choose a not rainy day, fertile soils and a separate, well-lit place.
Celosia comb - care features:
- Mineral dressing is carried out once a month.
- Abundant watering is carried out in the hottest time, and in rainy times, on the contrary, the flower does not need to be watered separately.
- It is not recommended to "overfeed" the cellosia with nitrogenous fertilizers, since the plant will enter into a rich growth, but the buds will be small and faded.
It is imperative to remove weeds from the ground and dig up the soil.
Transplanting cellosi is no different from other garden plants.
When transplanting seedlings into soil, it is important to maintain the integrity of the root system. For this, you can use the "transshipment".
It is important to remember that low-growing varieties are planted at intervals of 15-20 cm from each other, and plants with a high stem - 25-30 cm. This process must be carried out at an already established positive temperature.
- As for diseases and pests, their main problem is the black leg. It is manifested by the blackening of the stem. If this "symptom" is found, the soil must be loosened and sprinkled with wood ash. It is not necessary to water this bed during processing.
- Another problem with celia is aphids. To combat it, use 2 teaspoons of liquid soap and a glass of sunflower oil dissolved in a glass of water. This solution is used 2-3 times per season, for several days every evening. Other diseases do not affect this flower.
Where do they plant celosia?
It will not be superfluous to pay attention to the "neighbors" in the garden when choosing a location.
So, when planting comb varieties, it is advisable to plant more “even” and “calm” flowers nearby, for example, chamomile or something like that.
The unusual shape and color of the flower are perfect for creating unique flower beds and decorating borders.
Regarding the color scale, it should be borne in mind that if the petals are of a bright shade, then some less juicy flower should be planted next to it.
In winter, flowers are removed from the garden, but at the same time, they can be dried. For this, inflorescences are cut off from a high bush, brought into a dry, warm place, tied with a thread and located in a dark room with good ventilation. Once completely dry, the flowers can be placed in a vase without adding water.
If you need to get seeds in a faster way, then the flowers are hung by the stems, and a newspaper is placed under them. After complete drying and ripening, the seeds will begin to spill out on their own.
Celosia today is rarely found in the beds of Russian gardeners.
Perhaps this is due to her not yet very widespread popularity of this tropical flower.
However, the bush, which resembles a sheaf of bright sparks, will be a good addition to a flower bed in any garden.
Celosia: varieties and types
In culture, there are only two types of cellosis, the most common in our country silver celosia (Celosia argentea), which has two varieties - comb cellosis, or cockscomb (Celosia argentea f. cristata) and pinnate cellosis, or paniculate (Celosia argentea f. plumosa).
In the group of crested cellosis, the inflorescence is an overgrown receptacle ending in a sinuous one. velvety scallop, the size and character of the convolutions are varietal characteristics. The most famous varieties: Crown - height 70-80 cm, crests of double cream-red color, rounded, large Imperialis - inflorescences are dark red, purple leaves with red veins Impress - height 20-25 cm inflorescences are bright burgundy, leaves of a dark red shade Atropurpurea - height up to 25 cm, inflorescences are large, purple-red, leaves are light green, the stem is pinkish Coral garden - 30-40 cm high, inflorescences are red-coral series Chief Series 80-100 cm high, inflorescences are large, red, pink, yellow Jewel box series - about 15 cm high, inflorescences are red, carmine and yellow.
In the group of cirrus coelusium - plume, the inflorescences are similar to a plume or a very dense panicle. The most common colors are yellow-orange. Golden fleece - 80 cm high, golden-orange inflorescences Tomsony magnifica - 60-80 high, burgundy inflorescences, New look - 35-40 cm high, yellow-orange inflorescences, purple-violet leaves Feuerrader - 35 cm high, inflorescences are red, leaves are light with pink veins: Goldfeder - undersized, golden inflorescences. There are also popular variety series with a variety of flower colors: Century, Rondo, Kimono, Olympia series Draft Geisha - 20-25 cm high, with delicate panicles.
But the spikelet celosia, or celosia Hutton (Celosia spicata) is still rare. These are branched plants 60-100 cm high with graceful spike-shaped inflorescences, predominantly pink-purple in color, but sometimes with yellow, orange, and also white inflorescences.
Varieties Flamingo Feather and Flamingo Purple - 90 cm high. They are distinguished by a rich purple color, as they fade, the lower part of the spike-shaped inflorescences acquires an exquisite silvery color, elegantly combined with the purple tops of the inflorescences. Pink Flamingo has a height of 60 cm, pink inflorescences of different shades.