Which plants are best for a hedge
What unpretentious and inexpensive plants to choose for a hedge
Green building classics in Europe are derain white... Yes, and Russian gardeners love him for his unassuming character and high winter hardiness, elegant foliage.Derain is a heat-resistant shrub that grows on various soils and is suitable for summer residents in central and northern regions of Russia. It blooms very profusely in the first half of summer from 2-3 years of age.The plant is easy to graft, and also propagates by cuttings and seeds. It has a number of varieties with different foliage colors.
Another worthy ornamental plant for a green fence is bladderworm of viburnum. If you need a barrier from higher neighbors, opt for it. It has varieties with green, yellow and dark red foliage.
So there is always a choice to play with color and make the hedge paint more cheerful. The shrub is undemanding to growing conditions. It grows in almost any soil, but it does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water. The shade-tolerant bubble plant is a cultivar, it grows well in a sunny location, it is drought-resistant, and in urban conditions it is also gas-resistant. It is easy to propagate it yourself by seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush. Sowing seeds is carried out in autumn after harvest or in spring, then the seeds need monthly stratification.
White Derain and Viburnum, if desired, can be used as specimen plants on lawns, in any decorative garden composition.
In addition to these plants, barberries can be recommended for a living fence if you want more thorns, but here the height of the plants should be taken into account. It can be different, it all depends on the selected variety. All of these ornamental shrubs tolerate transplanting and cutting well.
How to care for a hedge
When planting hedges, you need to understand that they have been growing in one place for more than a decade, so you need to carefully prepare the soil, add complete mineral and organic fertilizers to it, dig deep into the area and destroy the weeds. Fences planted in two rows in a checkerboard pattern of 20 x 50 cm look more impressive. This distance may vary depending on the seedlings used.
For planting, you can use plants with a developed root system, but not older than 2-3 years of age, or fresh cuttings. In this case, fresh green shoots are cut into cuttings 15-20 cm long and planted obliquely, at an angle of 30 degrees, with a depth of 10-15 cm into the soil.First time you need to water them abundantly, after 2-3 weeks fresh roots are formed on the cuttings ... To keep the hedges decorative, you need to remove the old branches and cut off the fresh growth by 1/3 of the length. In this case, the growth of lateral shoots is stimulated and the plantings will be more lush.
Plants for deciduous hedges
They differ from evergreens in that their decorative effect is not year-round, but only while the foliage is alive. Many deciduous plants bloom beautifully, are honey plants, are used in folk medicine, and bear fruit.
These are the most famous shrubs and trees: acacia, chokeberry, euonymus, elderberry, hawthorn, cherry, elm, hydrangea, dogwood, honeysuckle, willow, viburnum, cotoneaster, maple, lilac, currant, jasmine-chubushnik.
Question three: can you afford to care for your trimmed hedges?
Of course, the sheared hedge has certain pros: beautiful, compact, reliable. Over the years, the sheared hedge will become very dense, impassable. But there are also obvious minuses: it requires more maintenance. You will have to cut the hedge 1-2 times a year, and first you will need to familiarize yourself with the cutting technique: there are certain rules in this matter.
Trimmed curbs and hedges are spectacular, but require labor-intensive maintenance
Note: if you need a high hedge, you will have to cut with a stepladder, jumping up and down along it and moving it along the row of trees. And one more thing: when cutting, a large mass of shoots and leaves will be removed, therefore, regular feeding will be required to maintain the life of the plants.
If, nevertheless, you decide to stop at a sheared hedge, you need to choose trees and shrubs that keep their shape well after pruning, recover well, have a high shoot-forming ability and a large leafiness of the shoots. Such plants include:
- linden trees
- cotoneaster shiny
- honeysuckle - alpine, bedspread, Tatar, Alberta
- derain white
- caragana - tree and shrub
- fuckers - narrow-leaved and silvery
- currants - alpine and golden
- maples - Tatar and Ginnala
- willow purpurea
- poplars - Canadian and Berlin.
Sheared hedges need plants that keep their shape well.
For shorn coniferous hedge fit thuja varieties 'Brabant' and 'Smaragd', common spruce, and - don't be surprised - European larch... The latter looks very impressive not only in a leafy state, but also after the needles have fallen off. It forms dense thickets of many intertwined shoots of a very beautiful color - with a soft orange tint.
We would also include the use of trees and shrubs grown on special frames in the form of clipped hedges. trellis... Usually grown on trellises linden trees, decorative apple trees and pears, hawthorns, mountain ash... You can make trellises from climbing plants - maiden grape, actinidia, honeysuckle honeysuckle... But at the same time, one must remember that they will need a regular competent haircut.
Now let's think about this together ...